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首頁 > 菸害超乎想像>吸菸者的失明危機!>二手菸對眼睛的傷害
轉寄好友 友善列印 │ 字級設定:
二手菸對眼睛的傷害
眼睛的結膜如同身體其他的黏膜組織,是非常敏感的地方,二手菸的菸霧長期對結膜直接刺激,引起結膜血管擴張,而造成眼睛的刺痛、燒灼的感覺,且菸霧中所含的鎘和異氰酸鹽可能會對晶狀體的組織造成直接的損害,導致慢性結膜炎。
 
長期治療慢性結膜炎患者,若有眼睛悶脹或視力模糊情形,宜提醒醫師測量眼壓,以確定是否已誘發青光眼,盛暑時,急性結膜炎流行勢必再現,類固醇眼藥水將被用來廣泛治療,此種情形更應小心防範,慎選眼科醫師依病情調整用藥,以免因長期點了含有類固醇的眼藥水,產生嚴重的後遺症就後悔莫及! 
 
慢性結膜炎困擾著許多眼疾患者,因結膜反覆受刺激發炎的結果,會造成結膜表面不平甚至形成結石或結疤。這些病變一旦形成,則很難再回復回原本平滑的表面,這也是症狀一直持續無法斷根的原因之一。所以對慢性結膜炎的治療,原則上是有症狀再治療,若沒有不舒服只是結膜上留有以往發炎的痕跡,也不一定需要點眼藥來保養,因為眼睛本身的淚液就是最好的滋潤保養液。
 
慢性結膜炎的症狀 
◎ 眼睛微紅  
◎ 乾澀疲勞 
◎ 熱癢不適 
◎ 分泌物不多偶有眼屎 
◎ 頻頻眨眼、流淚或少淚為主  
◎ 容易疲倦
 
慢性結膜炎的治療 
◎主要是要找出病因,對症下藥,若是因病菌感染又對治療無效時,則必須檢測 出致病菌才能給予有效的藥劑。  
◎若外界環境造成,則應儘量避免接觸刺激源,如減少外出可以減少風吹及接觸 油、煙、灰塵。 
◎眼瞼的問題,如倒睫及眼瞼外翻,需考慮手術治療。 
◎清除眼瞼緣之分泌物、熱敷、洗淨睫毛及點藥膏和口服抗生素。 
◎乾眼症,勿使用不含防腐劑的人工淚液。 
◎長期點眼藥者先停藥。
 
資料來源:http://www.afv.org.hk/smoking_c.htm
          http://www.12jiankang.com/zhongduxingruoshi/7370.html
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