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首頁 > 菸害超乎想像>吸菸者的失明危機!>吸菸vs.青光眼
轉寄好友 友善列印 │ 字級設定:
吸菸vs.青光眼

青光眼是一系列令視神經受到永久性破壞的眼疾統稱,情況嚴重者可導致失明,它是全球成年人的主要致盲眼疾。眼球裡的睫狀體會分泌房水以維持眼睛正常的生理功能,若房水排出路徑受到阻礙,分泌與排出失去平衡,眼壓就會升高,而導致青光眼,一般人的正常的眼壓應介乎7 - 21 mmHg,但吸菸者一旦吸菸後,眼壓將立即上升了5 mmHg,而眼壓的上升,如果得不到控制,視神經便會受到破壞,導致視神經永久性的破壞。

 

圖片來源:行政院衛生署 國民健康局網站

 

青光眼的症狀

◎急性青光眼

眼壓突然升高,症狀為眼睛漲痛、視力模糊、眼睛充血,可能伴隨頭痛、嘔吐的現象。

◎慢性青光眼

眼壓逐漸升高、視神經慢慢受損,但病發初期沒有明顯自覺症狀,故常被忽略。患者往往到了末期有明顯的視野缺損、甚至中央視力已模糊時,到醫院檢查才被發現。

 

青光眼的治療

◎青光眼所導致的視神經傷害是無法回復的,可用藥物、雷射或手術治療來控制眼壓。

◎治療的目的在控制病情、阻止惡化,保有現有的視野與視力。

◎患者必須密切配合醫師的檢查與治療,定期且長期追蹤,以避免視力喪失。

◎有些藥品可能導致心律不整、氣喘發作、或電解質不平衡等副作用。一旦用藥有身體不是得狀況,應盡快知會醫師。

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