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首頁 > 菸害超乎想像>吸菸者的失明危機!>吸菸引致的眼疾
轉寄好友 友善列印 │ 字級設定:
吸菸引致的眼疾

吸菸對健康的危害往往使人想到呼吸系統疾病、心血管疾病、免疫系統及生殖器官等的傷害,但大家可能不知道,菸草中的有害物質還會引起許多眼部傷害,不少醫學研究都在在證實了吸菸與眼部疾病的關係。如弱視、視力退化、白內障、黃斑部病變、視網膜中央血管栓塞、青光眼、慢性結膜炎等,甚至失明!

菸草中除含有尼古丁、砷類有毒物質外,還含有一種毒性很強的氰化物。正常人吸進微量的氰化物,在體內可轉化為一種毒性很低的硫氰化物,但如過度吸菸,硫氰化物在體內蓄積過多,便引起慢性中毒,使視神經及視網膜受損害,一旦發生,病人視力急劇減退,辨色能力差,視敏度下降,重者可致雙目失明。


澳洲菸品容器警示圖文
2006/3實施 雙面90%及30%

  此外,吸菸時煙霧長期對結膜直接刺激,引起結膜血管擴張,導致慢性結膜炎。吸菸不僅導致眼部疾病,吸菸更會增加眼壓,還讓眼疾患者的症狀加重,眼疾患者如果不想疾病加重一定要戒菸,而老菸槍們則要非常留意眼部病變,年輕的癮君子若有視力衰退現象,更是應盡速就醫。

因甲狀腺功能過盛所引致的眼疾
患有因甲狀腺功能過盛所引致的眼疾的病人每日菸量愈多,其眼疾的病情便會愈嚴重。
吸菸會擾亂身體免疫系統的平衡,使其對於抵抗甲狀腺或眼眶病原體的控制減低。且促進游離基的產生,同時抑制血液、玻璃體和眼睛纖維內的抗氧化物的製造。所以,吸菸者更容易受游離基和氧化作用所傷害。

吸菸造成的眼部傷害

菸毒性弱視
視網膜血管栓塞 
黃斑部病變
白內障
青光眼
慢性結膜炎
 

 


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