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暱稱:泡泡龍
個人介紹:因為喜歡潛水,潛水會產生許多泡泡,加上我屬龍,所以自稱泡泡龍

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吸菸者的尼古丁調節現象
分類:菸害訊息
泡泡龍(fjguo) | 2007/11/2 下午 10:53:53


圖表說明:橫軸代表香菸中的尼古丁含量,縱軸代表尼古丁的吸入量。
白色代表依據尼古丁含量預測的吸入量,應該隨著尼古丁含量遞減。
紅色代表實際吸入量,即使抽尼古丁含量很低的菸,也沒有減少尼古丁實際吸入量。
資料來源:Jarvis MJ, BMJ 2004;328:277-9

與1950年代的菸相比,現在的菸無論焦油或尼古丁含量都低得多,成為一種時尚。

依據Cancer Prevention Study II大型研究的結果,低焦油(8-14mg)或極低焦油(≦7mg)的菸,與中度焦油的菸(15-21mg)相比,並不能減少肺癌發生的機率,僅與高焦油(>22mg)無濾嘴香菸有差異。因為市面上已經幾乎沒有高焦油無濾嘴的菸,所以可以說市售的菸無論焦油高低都是沒差別的。

這個發現與吸菸者的尼古丁調節作用符合。

當換成淡菸時,吸菸者會增加吸入深度、停留肺部時間及增加香菸支數來維持恆定的尼古丁吸收量,故比預測的吸收量高許多,同時有害物質的吸入也沒有減少。

曾經有美國肺癌病人控告菸商,利用淡菸使他們誤以為吸淡菸不會得肺癌,
結果他們都得肺癌了。所以不要以為吸淡菸就是安全的。


回應 (3) | 人氣 (11769) | 推薦 (5905) | 轉寄 (0)
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(小醫王) 於 2007/11/10 上午 07:46:19 回應 |
Dear 泡泡龍Dr:我們以前教科書寫的抽淡菸吸菸者會增加吸入深度、停留肺部時間及增加香菸支數來維持恆定的尼古丁吸收量,故比預測的吸收量高許多,同時有害物質的吸入也沒有減少。

而於2007年8月份,美?癌症研究中心再次證實最好是完全不抽菸,因為香菸致癌物質濃度不因是淡菸而?少,故淡菸無法替代一般香菸。與你分享!

Similar Exposure to a Tobacco-Specific Carcinogen in Smokeless Tobacco Users and Cigarette Smokers

These results show similar exposures to the potent tobacco-specific carcinogen NNK in smokeless tobacco users and smokers. These findings do not support the use of smokeless tobacco as a safe substitute for smoking. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2007;16(8):1567–72)

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泡泡龍(fjguo) 於 2007/11/11 下午 10:07:27 回覆
感謝分享 ......

不好意思,您引用的文獻講的是 Smokeless Tobacco,所謂的 "無煙菸草",包括鼻菸和嚼菸,不是淡菸喔......

最近是有學者主張鼓勵吸菸的人換成無煙菸草,以降低疾病死亡率,而您的這篇報告是個反證,證明無煙菸草對身體也是有危害的。
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(獅子王) 於 2007/11/6 上午 08:34:16 回應 |
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(獅子王) 於 2007/11/3 上午 12:14:01 回應 |
有在讀書就是不一樣....
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泡泡龍(fjguo) 於 2007/11/3 上午 12:29:32 回覆
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