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三手菸危害大 殘留菸味也會致癌
分類:菸害訊息
泡泡龍(fjguo) | 2009/1/8 上午 09:21:51


〔編譯俞智敏、記者魏怡嘉/綜合報導〕多數人都知道吸二手菸有害健康,不少人也以為只要避開香菸煙霧就沒事了,但專家發現,其實吸菸者另外還會製造「三手菸」的危害。

煙霧消散後 毒性仍存在

「三手菸」是指殘留在抽菸者的頭髮與衣物、或者抱枕與地毯上的有毒氣體與微粒,即使房間裡的煙霧散去多時,這些毒物仍不會消失。這些毒物包含了重金屬、致癌物質,甚至還有放射性物質,幼童在這些房間中爬行或玩耍,很容易用手碰觸到並吃進肚子裡。

研究發現,三手菸中的有毒物質包括用於化學武器的氰化氫、打火機油中的丁烷、油漆稀釋劑中的甲苯、砷、鉛、一氧化碳,甚至還包括具高度放射性的致癌物質釙210,俄羅斯間諜利特維內柯兩年前就是遭人用釙210謀殺身亡。

紐約時報三日報導指出,美國麻州波士頓兒童醫院醫師最近針對這些毒物對嬰幼兒可能造成的危害進行研究,結果已發表在「小兒醫學」期刊上。

研究主筆人、哈佛醫學院小兒醫學助理教授溫尼可夫指出,大家都知道二手菸的危害,卻沒想到三手菸的問題。抽菸的家長可能會在子女不在家時抽菸,或者在抽菸時把窗子或風扇打開,以為這樣他人就不會吸進二手菸,現在醫界需要發明新名詞來形容這些肉眼看不見的菸害殘存毒物。

開窗戶抽菸 毒物照殘留

溫尼可夫表示,三手菸就是癮君子到大樓外抽菸後帶進電梯裡的怪味,或是當你走進曾有人抽菸的房間裡所聞到的味道,「你的鼻子沒有說謊,這些東西的確有毒,所以你的大腦才會告訴你,趕快避開。」

林口長庚醫院臨床毒物科主任林杰樑表示,香菸燃燒產生的尼古丁及焦油、微粒及污染物會四處飄送,也會累積在牆壁、桌椅及地板上,留下濃濃的氣味,一旦吸入體內,多少還是會傷害肺功能。尤其,香菸的鎘微粒污染,比較會沉降沾黏附著在牆壁、桌椅及地板上,不知情的人一旦碰觸到房間內的這些污染物又未洗手,就有可能經由手吃下肚。鎘的半衰期為三十年,鎘在體內長期累積,會造成骨頭及腎臟病變。


碰觸污染物 恐誤吃下肚

紐約西奈山醫學院小兒科醫師藍德利根指出,這項研究說明,就算家長把門關上躲在廚房裡抽菸,仍舊無法讓子女免於菸害,三手菸裡的多種致癌物質對任何與其接觸的人都會構成致癌風險。

董氏基金會菸害防治組主任林清麗則表示,香菸燃燒會產生四千多種化學物質,其中有兩百五十多種會危害身體,六十多種會致癌。孕婦如果吸進「二手菸」,肚中的胎兒則是吸「三手菸」,吸「三手菸」的胎兒,未來早產、體重過輕、罹患支氣管炎及死胎的機率會較高。

http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2009/new/jan/4/today-t1.htm

回應 (4) | 人氣 (20173) | 推薦 (7863) | 轉寄 (0)
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Abej Chen(apai01) 於 2010/6/8 下午 11:11:28 回應 |
Dear IVAN(ivanwuit)

為何大家都只針對抽煙的壞處?
因為抽菸沒有任何好處,但是只有吸菸人才知道,一味宣導抽煙的壞處根本沒有用,因為吸菸人知道的更多,而且我們有一萬個藉口可以吸菸。


我們來看看抽煙的好處有什麼?

一、防止憂慮症:
先不論有無根據,吸菸無法達到任何正面效果,我曾患重度憂鬱症,當我想自殺時,抽完幾根菸,完全沒有感到解脫或放鬆,反而感覺更為絕望與無助。

二、增加社交交流:
吸菸人只能跟吸菸人在一起吸菸,無法跟討厭煙味的人聚在一起,侷限了社交的環境。

三、增加經濟消費:
因菸毒造成的醫療問題、保險與健康,都是沈重的社會成本,而且是全民買單。

四、容易發胖 可能貿然失去香菸 一定會變胖
吸菸會降低2%基礎代謝量,停止吸菸只是回到正常體態,變胖是自己不注意飲食,或是用吃東西來取代想吸菸的感覺。


倒不如想想你為何要吸菸?無聊、習慣、舒服還是解壓呢?
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(ns) 於 2009/2/8 下午 05:23:29 回應 |
抽菸可以防憂鬱症或焦慮症的理論基礎為何??
請一樓的提出你的理論!

抽菸導致欣快感的藥理機制跟使用毒品(如海洛因)是很類似的,
成癮之後如果不再繼續抽菸,
常常會讓患者更憂鬱。
所以對於情緒障礙合併菸癮的人,
往往要兩個同時治療才行。

用抽菸解除憂鬱,根本是飲鴆止渴。
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IVAN(ivanwuit) 於 2009/1/13 上午 12:49:56 回應 |
為何大家都只針對抽煙的壞處?
其實煮菜油煙比香菸更容易致癌 難道家裡就不煮菜嗎?
街上廢棄排放 是抽煙十倍以上污染 為何不禁車輛行駛? 規定只能用電動車
廟宇 燒香 燒紙錢 更是造成空氣極大污染 這是歐美所沒有的

抽煙的好處:
一 防止憂慮症 現代人只注意身體健康 然而心理壓力問題更可怕 重則自殺 輕則無法工作 造成嚴重社會問題
二 增加社交交流 香菸和酒一樣 都是一種放鬆交流增進關係的產物 讓彼此距離增進 抽煙也可以很優雅
三 增加經濟消費 目前經濟蕭條 對一般吸煙者而言 抽煙是最廉價的減壓消遣 一杯茶 咖啡 一根菸 感 覺快樂似神仙 很多人可以少吃一餐 也要買包菸 可見香菸對經濟消費功不可沒
四 容易發胖 可能貿然失去香菸 一定會變胖 女人要注意
為何要戒菸呢? 難道你想有憂慮症 只能孤僻一人 減少社交 經濟蕭條 造成大家賺不到錢的連鎖反應?
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(又致癌了) 於 2009/1/11 上午 01:55:02 回應 |
世界真奇妙
好多東西都會致癌喔
可惜
吵其他的東西董X基金會沒好處
我們還是繼續逼迫全國人民遵照我們的意思不要抽煙比較好喔
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* 請問一下有最新的paper有關...
* 可否借引用此文章?謝謝。
* 可見香菸的危害比我知道的更多.
* 很遺憾李醫師...
* 但如果他把菸蒂沖到馬桶裡呢?
* 很溫馨,拍的很有FU。
* Dear IVAN(ivanw...
* 我引用囉 
* 抽菸可以防憂鬱症或焦慮症的理論...
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